Control measures refer to reasonably practicable actions or procedures implemented to eliminate or minimise workplace health and safety hazards. Businesses are required to put in place highest control measures possible in all areas of worksite and operations. The highest level would be elimination of risks and the lowest level (least effective) is using personal protective equipment (PPE), with other systemic or administrative controls to reduce risks in-between.
Businesses are allowed to take cost of control measures into account when searching for ‘reasonably practicable’ options but only assessed in relation to the extent or likelihood of harm. Cost, however, cannot be used as a legally acceptable reason for inaction. Control implementation methods include work procedures, employee training/supervision, housekeeping or maintenance, workplace physical layout, etc.